Bethune Born on a farm near Mayesville, South Carolina inMary McLeod Bethune, the 15th child of former slaves, rose from humble beginnings to become a world-renowned educator, civil and human rights leader, champion for women and young people, and an advisor to five U. Education was the first step in her remarkable journey.
Her life encompassed three different careers: Favoring conciliation over confrontation in her struggle for black equality in an era of segregation, Bethune has been compared to Booker T. Like him, her leadership style focused on negotiating and cooperating with white leaders to improve the inferior status and economic impoverishment of blacks in American life.
By presenting the public image of an affable, non-threatening woman to white audiences, she appealed to their conscience and sense of fair play while clearly expressing her vision of racial equality.
Her parents were former slaves freed at the time of the Civil War. Though poor by national standards, the McLeod family was a symbol of stability and unity in the local black community. They had worked and saved to buy their own land, building a cabin and growing corn and cotton.
Their strong Methodist religious values and work ethics were instilled in Mary at an early age. After exhausting the educational opportunities at this small school, the young student sought to continue her studies elsewhere.
Scotia Seminary emphasized religion and industrial trade school education. Abbott Memorial Award, ; and several honorary degrees. She finished her studies in and thereafter sought missionary service. But the Presbyterian Mission Board told her it had no openings in Africa for black missionaries.
There she met Albertus Bethune, a former teacher who had become a menswear salesman. After marrying in May of they moved to Savannah, Georgia, to further his business career.
She retired temporarily from teaching, and gave birth to their only child, Albert McLeod Bethune, in Later that year, with a six-month-old baby, the family moved again, this time to Palatka, Florida, where Mary opened the Palatka Mission School, teaching there for five years.
He died in Construction of the Florida East Coast Railway was attracting and employing large numbers of black laborers in northern Florida.
This was the place to plant my seed. She raised additional money by tirelessly soliciting funds door-to-door. Most school furnishings came from the city dump; used and discarded items like chairs, desks, rugs, and dishes were collected and repaired by the students.
Within two years enrollment had increased to students, mostly girls. Continued growth soon required a larger campus. At first, like most black schools of the time, the institute stressed religion and industrial training, the learning of trade skills for future employment.
But as time went on the Daytona Institute began to devote more attention to its high school programs and to encouraging ambitious students to attend college. Bethune saw her school as the center of the local black community, with its primary goal being the promotion of the overall welfare of this constituency.
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A variety of programs to achieve this mission included a day and night school, a series of local mission schools run by her students in the turpentine camps surrounding the town, and Sunday afternoon community meetings that brought black and white visitors to campus on equal footing.
This school-maintained black hospital grew from two to 20 beds until taken over by the city in Championing the need for greater educational, social, and political opportunities for blacks, she defied the local Ku Klux Klan by leading a successful black voter registration drive inparticularly among women who had just been granted the vote by constitutional amendment.
By the Daytona Institute had girls enrolled and a member faculty and staff on its eight-building, acre campus. Though most were elementary students, the high school and teacher-training programs were growing.
Served as College President Also in Bethune transformed her school into a college whose primary purpose was the training of future teachers.
The new coeducational school doubled its enrollment to and was officially renamed Bethune-Cookman College in Three years later it received junior college accreditation. The high school department was discontinued inand the first graduates of its four-year teacher education program received their degrees in As college president, Bethune traveled throughout the United States soliciting funds for her school, often using her talent as singer and orator to charm potential donors.
From to she was president of the Florida Federation of Colored Women. In she founded and served as president of a regional association that became the Southeastern Federation of Colored Women.
Four years later she became president of the 10,member National Association of Colored Women NACWat that time thought to be the highest position a black women could achieve. Still, Bethune felt the NACW was too locally oriented to present an effective national voice for black women.
She established national headquarters in Washington, D. The 35 advisory committee members were civic and professional leaders who formulated nationwide NYA policy.Watch video · Years from now when someone asks you, “Why do you serve?” you can respond, “Because a great woman — a great leader — a great American .
Inductees. Each recipient becoming an Honouree of Pathway of Fame, Peterborough and District has made a distinct contribution to the area’s arts and humanities heritage. Many people who have lived through the recent decades of this process have come to accept blithely what has transpired.
And younger people, for the most part, can hardly believe life was ever otherwise. Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins becomes the first woman cabinet officer Mary McLeod Bethune, Advisor of Minority Affairs to.
Mary McLeod Bethune's Last Will & Testament -- Courtesy of The Freeman Institute. - Mary McLeod Bethune. People will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, Thank you for visiting these I never stop to plan. by Mary McLeod Bethune. my Free Daily Inspiration - Daily Quotes email.
See more Inspirational Quotes about Life. Bethune, Mary McLeod. Mary McLeod Bethune Papers: The Bethune-Cookman College Collection, Bethesda, MD: University Publications of America, Mary McLeod Bethune, Her Own Words of Inspiration (, reprinted ).
There Bethune met .