The life and influence of sima qian in ancient china during the xia dynasty

The Xia Dynasty — BC was the first recorded dynasty in China, however the records and its existence are disputed.

The life and influence of sima qian in ancient china during the xia dynasty

Quick Facts About the Shang Dynasty

Xia Dynasty Xia Dynasty is the first unified major power with a slave-owning system in Chinese history. He was later chosen as chief of his clan. Since Yu was titled in a place called Xia. His clan was thus name. In ancient time, this was considered to be the beginning of a system of whereby the ruler "takes all under heaven as his family possession".

However, Sima Qian and many later historians regard the reign of Yu as the beginning of the Xia Dynasty. The Xia Dynasty lasted more than years.

The establishment of the Xia Dynasty meant that primitive society had ended and slave society began. Having become king, Qi invited other tribal chiefs to a feast so that they would acknowledge his power.

Ancient China: Xia Dynasty

Qi then sent his armies to Gan as punishment. The Youhu was defeated and destroyed. While a new system usually builds on what has gone before it, a new government often lacks the necessary experience to get started.

The government, despite using private ownership as its base, could not avoid internal conflict and power struggle because of the tendency of exploitation, pillage and extravagance. After Taikang succeeded to the throne, he paid no attention to state affairs, but indulged himself in drinking and women.

Hou Yi, chief of the Youqiong tribe, then seized power. With the help of this tribe, Shaokang collected the former Xia armies, fought against Hanzhuo, defeated him and won back the government. Thus he restored the Xia Dynasty. As the late Xia king ignored state affairs, outside aggression grew frequent and social conflicts became increasingly bitter.

Tradition has it that Jie, after coming to the throne, kept abusing his power and oppressing the people.

Sima Qian | Chinese historian and scientist |

He did nothing but exhaust the coffers to build palaces and pavilions for his personal use. He drank with his mistress all day and night, entirely ignoring the miserable life of the people. The people cursed him by pointing to the sun.

The life and influence of sima qian in ancient china during the xia dynasty

Jie also imprisoned and killed those who gave him admonition. Other tribes also turned against him.

The life and influence of sima qian in ancient china during the xia dynasty

When Jie was completely alone and helpless, Tang of the Shang, a small state, took the opportunity to revolt, "under the Mandate of Heaven", and succeeded in overthrowing Jie, bringing the fall of the once powerful Xia Dynasty which lasted for more than four hundred years.

Because the records about the Xia Dynasty are very few, many people once doubted the existence of the Xia Dynasty. But according of "the Records of the History of the Xia", we knew the records of lineage of Xia dynasty are as clear as the lineage of Shang Dynasty.

The oracle-bone inscriptions which were inscribed on the tortoise shells and animal bones from the Shang Dynasty unearthed from Yinxu, Henan province, the lineage of Xia Dynasty were found.

Hope we can find more site of the Xia, and rich the historical data of the Xia Dynasty. The state institution of the Xia was relatively simple. The king was the highest ruler of the state. Xishi and Heshi were assigned to in charge of observing celestial bodies, and the four seasons.

Agriculture was very important. The Xia people lived on the loess plains of the Yellow River formed by alluvial deposits. Therefore, they began to use primitive wooden and stone tools in cultivation, they knew how to digchannels for irrigation and how to irrigate the earth by wells.

With of a brewing industry, there was an oversupply of foodstuff and this led to the development of a brewing industrt.

It became a fashion for the Xia people to drink wines. Science and technology At this time, the Chinese had already invented cars, astronomy and the calendar.

In this period Xishi and Heshi were assigned to be in charge of observing celestial bodies and the four seasons.

Xishi and Heshi worked out a calendar called "Xia Xiao Zheng", which divided the year into 12 months. They also recorded the monthly configuration and movement of the stars, appropriate farming activities in different living stated of plants and animals in different months.Legends and mythology are a big part of Chinese culture, especially in relation to the ancient history.

The 12 animals that appear on the Chinese calendar include a rat, buffalo (ox), tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, goat, monkey, rooster, dog and pig. Sima Qian: Sima Qian, astronomer, calendar expert, and the first great Chinese historian.

He is most noted for his authorship of the Shiji (“Historical Records”), which is considered to be the most important history of China down to the end of the 2nd century. Sima Qian was the son of Sima Tan, the grand.

The main ancient accounts are in the Records of the Grand Historian (written between about and 91 BC by Sima Qian), and the Bamboo Annals. The Bamboo Annals was written by official historians of Jin and Wei during the Spring and Autumn period (– BC). of Chinese historiography is the Shiji (“Historical Records”), which was compiled by Sima Qian (c.

– c. 86 bce).It is an account of the entire history of China from mythical times through the establishment of the Han dynasty in story becomes more detailed as Sima Qian approaches. Start studying Social Studies Ancient China Test. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

Oct 04,  · There were 83 dynasties and emperors in ancient history of china 28 jan since many historians question whether the xia dynasty really existed, shang may .

Xia Dynasty History, China's First Dynasty and Story of Yu the Great