Psychopathy checklist revised

This point checklist has been described as " the single best predictor of violent behavior currently available. Hare in the s.

Psychopathy checklist revised

The current approach to defining sociopathy and the related concepts is to use a list of criteria. The first such list was developed Psychopathy checklist revised Hervey Cleckleywho is known as the first person to investigate psychopaths using modern research techniques.

Anyone fitting enough of these criteria counts as a psychopath or sociopath. There are several such lists in use. If we overlay all of these lists of criteria, we can see them coalescing into the following core set of traits: For us, caring is a largely emotion-driven enterprise.

These disconnects are responsible for the inability to feel emotions deeply. Psychopaths are also not good at detecting fear in the faces of other people Blair et al.

The emotion of disgust also plays an important role on our ethical sense. We find certain types of unethical actions disgusting; this works to keep us from engaging in them and makes us express disapproval of them.

But psychopaths have extremely high thresholds for disgust, as measured by their reactions when shown disgusting photos of mutilated faces and when exposed to foul odors. One promising new line of research is based on the recent discovery of a brain network responsible for understanding the minds of others.

Psychopaths are notorious for a lack of fear. Normal people will also show a clear skin conductance response, produced by sweat gland activity. In psychopathic subjects, however, this brain network shows no activity, and no skin conductance responses are emitted Birbaumer et al.

They may admit blame when forced into a corner, but these admissions are not accompanied by a sense of shame or remorse, and have no power to change future behavior.

This casual use of words may be attributable to what some researchers call a shallow sense of word meaning. They also have trouble understanding metaphors and abstract words. Hare describes an imprisoned sociopath who believed he was a world-class swimmer.

Narrowing of Attention According to Newman and his colleagues, the core deficit in psychopathy is a failure of what they call response modulation Hiatt and Newman, Psychopaths are specifically deficient in this ability, and according to Newman, this explains their impulsivity, a trait which shows up in several of the lists of criteria, as well as their problems with passive avoidance and with processing emotions.

Top-down attention tends to be under voluntary control, whereas bottom-up attention happens involuntarily. But bottom-up attention can temporarily capture top-down attention, as when movement in the periphery of our visual field attracts our attention. Psychopaths have trouble using top-down attention to accommodate information that activates bottom-up attention during a task.

In other people, this process tends to happen automatically. When a hunter is scanning for deer, a rabbit hopping into the periphery of his visual field automatically attracts his attention. Top-down attentional processes monitor the field of attention for conflicts and resolve them.

Several studies indicate that psychopaths actually perform better than other people on these tasks Hiatt et al. Philosophers can play a valuable role here in discerning the consequences of all of these findings for our attempts to build an ethical society.

Several questions need addressing: What does the possibility that psychopathy is genetic say about human nature? If it is true that psychopaths have damaged or abnormal brains, can we hold them responsible for what they do?

Are there degrees of psychopathy, so that normal people may possess psychopathic traits? Deficient fear conditioning in psychopath: Archives of General Psychiatry The Mask of Sanity. Stroop tasks reveal abnormal selective attention among psychopathic offenders. Inside the mind of a psychopath.

Psychopathy checklist revised

Development and preliminary validation of a self-report measure of psychopathic personality traits in noncriminal populations. Journal of Personality Assessment The impact of motivationally neutral cues on psychopathic individuals: Assessing the generality of the response modulation hypothesis.

Journal of Abnormal Psychology The Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised: (PCL-R) 2nd Edition helps assess psychopathic personality disorders in forensic populations. pcl-r,hare,hare psychopathy checklist,hare psychopathy screener,hare screener,psychopathy,antisocial,personality disorder,psychcorp.

While there is controversy around these scales, presently Hare’s Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R) is considered by most to be the gold standard instrument for assessing the condition.

The Psychopathy Checklist or Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised, now the Psychopathy Checklist—revised (PCL-R), is a psychological assessment tool most commonly used to assess the presence of psychopathy in individuals.

Psychopathy checklist revised

The Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised, with demonstrated reliability and validity, is rapidly being adopted worldwide as the standard instrument for researchers and clinicians. The PCL-R and PCL:SV are strong predictors of recidivism, violence and response to therapeutic intervention.

This is a psychological test designed to help you learn about about psychopathy. It is based on the the Hare Psychopathy Checklist and has been converted into a multiple choice format as the checklist requires quite expert judgment.

For a list of research references on psychopathy, the PCL-R and its derivatives, visit our Key References Page. For information on the potential misuse of the PCL-R see: Hare, R. D. ().

Psychopathy Checklist - Wikipedia