Writing a literature review What is a literature review?
These sections are discussed below. Introduction Point Value - 10 Sure the introduction to any paper introduces your paper to the reader, but the introduction section is more important than that to an academic paper yes, that's what you are writing.
There are many papers and journals out there in the world for social scientists to read. Your introduction needs to convince the sociologist that he or she needs to spend precious time reading YOUR paper.
If you can't show why studying your dependent variable is important in a couple of paragraphs, then you need to get a new dependent variable. Why are things interesting or important?
In any event that is the point of the intro. Lit Review Point Value - 10 In this section, the main question that needs to be answered is what has been written before on your topic?
In particular, you are interested in what has been written concerning any relationship between your dependent variable and your independent variables. In a normal academic paper, you need to demonstrate that you know every detail of the material important to your hypotheses.
However, in this class I am only asking you to produce a minimal literature review. What do I do if nothing has been written before on the topic? This is an extremely unlikely occurrence.
I would begin by looking for articles using alternate terms which have the same meaning as your concept. I would also talk to the professor.
He is wise in the ways of science and can probably help. At the end of the lit review, you state your hypotheses. Methods Point Value - 10 The method section has three parts: Describe the data set. The GSS, a nationwide annual survey, offers the advantage of multi-stage probability sampling and can be considered representative of English-speaking, noninstitutionalized adults 18 years of age and older living in U.
This examination of the relationships between x, y, and z relies on a subset of of the original respondents. This provides the researcher with a continuous set of questions with a lower number of missing cases; however, the trade-off is the lower number of total cases.
Following is a brief description of the variables considered and of the frequency distributions for these variables. Describe the variables Start with your dependent variable How was the question asked in the survey? What were the response categories?
If you had to recode the response categories, what are the categories that will be used in your analysis? What is the distribution of the dependent variable? Answer the same four questions with each of your independent and control variables in your analysis. What type of analysis are you going to do?Writing Effective Introductions Great writers know that effective and impacting essays begin with an interesting and engaging introduction that reveals their thesis and .
Writing Effective Introductions Great writers know that effective and impacting essays begin with an interesting and engaging introduction that reveals their thesis .
Introduction Redox titrations using sodium thiosulphate as a reducing agent is known as iodometric titration since it is used specifically to titrate iodine. mass and density of different objects using varying procedures. Procedure: I used measuring devices such as a rule, volumetric flash, and balance to determine the different values for.
It contains a brief outline of what was done, highlighting only crucial steps. It is the materials and methods section of your abstract, but it is only one or two sentences in length. refers to what the results mean in the long run.
You need not include how you drew your conclusions, only the final conclusion. This should directly follow. The introduction must be organized from the global to the particular point of view, guiding the readers to your objectives when writing this paper. State the purpose of the paper and research strategy adopted to answer the question, but do not mix introduction with results, discussion and conclusion.
Lab reports are an essential part of all laboratory courses and usually a significant part of your grade. If your instructor gives you an outline for how to write a lab report, use that. Some instructors require the lab report be included in a lab notebook, while others will request a separate report.
Here's a format for a lab report you can use if you aren't sure what to write or need an explanation of what to include in the .