My Research British History, 8:
This week in our series, we tell about relations between the American colonies and Britain after the French and Indian War about two hundred fifty years ago.
It was fought to decide which of the two powerful nations would control North America. The British defeated the French in North America in seventeen sixty-three. As a result, the British took control of lands that had been claimed by France.
Britain now was responsible for almost two million people in the thirteen American colonies and sixty thousand French-speaking people in Canada. In addition to political and economic responsibilities, Britain had to protect all these colonists from different groups of Indians.
This would cost a lot of money. Britain already had spent a lot sending troops and material to the colonies to fight the French and Indian War.
It believed the American colonists should now help pay for that war. The colonists in North America in seventeen sixty-three were very different from those who had settled there more than one hundred years before.
They had different ideas. They had come to consider their colonial legislatures as smaller, but similar to the British Parliament in London. These smaller parliaments had helped the colonists rule themselves for more than one hundred years. The colonists began to feel that their legislatures should also have the powers that the British Parliament had.
The situation in England had changed as well. In the year seventeen-seven, the nation became officially known as Great Britain. Its king no longer controlled Parliament as he had in the early sixteen hundreds.
Then, the king decided all major questions, especially those concerning the colonies. But power had moved from the king to the Parliament. It was the legislature that decided major questions by the time of the French and Indian War, especially the power to tax.
The parliaments in the colonies began to believe that they too should have this power of taxation. The first English settlers in America considered themselves citizens of England. They had made a dangerous trip across the ocean to create a little England in a new place, to trade with the mother country and to spread their religion.
By seventeen sixty-three, however, the colonists thought of themselves as Americans. Many of their families had been in North America for fifty to one hundred years.
They had cleared the land, built homes, fought Indians and made lives for themselves far away from Britain. They had different everyday concerns than the people in Britain. Their way of life was different, too. They did not want anyone else to tell them how to govern themselves. The people in Britain, however, still believed that the purpose of a colony was to serve the mother country.
The government treated British citizens in the colonies differently from those at home. It demanded special taxes from the colonists.
It also ordered them to feed British troops and let them live in their houses.But the American democratic experiment did not begin in The colonies had been practicing limited forms of self-government since the early s.
The great expanse of the Atlantic Ocean created a safe distance for American colonists to develop skills to govern themselves.
The Thirteen Colonies and the British Empire Guided Reading & Analysis: 13 Colonies Chapter 2-The Thirteen Colonies and the British Empire, , pp Representative Government in Virginia Representative Government in New England Limits to Colonial Democracy.
The Colonies Under British Rule. had the power would always seek more and ambitious politicians would always pursue the same strategies to replace representative government and popular freedom with tyranny.
In all places and at all times in the past, the Opposition warned, the conspiracy against liberty unfolded in predictable stages . Ch.
2 The Thirteen Colonies and the British Empire, Key Names, Events, and Terms from the Amsco book. STUDY. this was the first written constitution in American history, which established a representative government consisting of a legislature elected by popular vote and a governor chosen by that legislature It was .
The Goals of the Declaration of Independence The American Revolution was not only a battle between the British and the colonists; it was a historical movement that brought about new ways of thinking.
When the British government tried to rein in the financial power the colonists wielded through their legislatures, it triggered the American Revolution. The colonists were already independent-minded and displeased with paying in blood and money for the British king's wars with France. Empire and Identity in the American Colonies. By the midth century, British colonial settlements on the east coast of North America had become part of a vast colonial empire, abutting other European empires and territories occupied by numerous Native American tribes and confederations. How did the British government contribute to the expansion of representative democracy in the American colonies during the 17th and 18th centuries? It neglected many of the political affairs of the colonies.
The ideas of liberty and equality began to be seen as essential to the growth of the new nation. The representative system of government, as we have assumed all along in our narrative, was common to all the colonies, though it was not introduced in Georgia before It began in Virginia with the first meeting of the burgesses in ; it was introduced in Massachusetts in , in Plymouth and Maryland in .